Intestinal parasites are believed to be on this planet for around 230 and 65 million years, in a time known as the Mesozoic Era, the time that was many millions of years before the first modern human. They have always been a health problem starting from Triassic, Jurassic and Cretaceous periods and reached till present-day while travelling those millions of years.
These parasites are carried by the pets of any age. Dogs from millions of years are carrying their parasites complainingly. These Parasites the scroungers are in enormous & various kinds as listed below:
These are quite minor and hardly observable to the naked eye. There are several types of hookworm. Ancyclostoma cainum is the one of the four others that mostly attack dogs.
Roundworms (Toxocara , Toxascaris, Ascaridiasis)
Roundworms and tapeworms are the main parasites those attack your dogs, the 3-18 cm long, spaghetti-shaped parasites often appear in your pet’s stool & vomit & habitually curl up in a spiral when not surrounded by feces.
Giardia (G.Duodenalis, G. lamblia, G.intestinalis)
Giardia is the most common intestinal parasite that attack dogs.
Coccidia (Coccidiosis Isospora)
Coccidia are single celled organisms that live within the body.
Tapeworms are a very common intestinal parasite in dogs but they rarely if ever cause health issues.
Strongyloides ( Threadworms, Stercoralis, Strongyloides)
These parasites attack, when the dogs are kept in very unsanitary surroundings in wet &hot climates. This is a most scarce parasite, the larva drill into the dogs’ skin and on getting in migrate to the lungs, passing through the trachea and are swallowed. During this course they majorly cause pneumonia.
Whipworms (Trichuris vulpis)
Whipworms inhabit the lower intestine, most of the dogs that host this parasite show no signs of sickness. But in some cases the chronic lower intestinal inflammation (colitis) is reported, that causes frequent urgency to excrete & the defecated stool is often coated with mucus and infrequently spotted with bright blood.
Cryptosporidium (C. felis, C. parvum)
This protozoan parasite is usually found in the intestines of dogs. It causes a mild, transient diarrhea. They are exceedingly small. When suspected, are best recognized through laboratory testing.
Some of the above mentioned parasites in their hosts (dogs) have adapted so sound that at the early stage, apparently there seems no noticeable health issues, but later-on can be fatal.
The pets must be kept completely free of them before the health issue alarms. Hence it is advised to the owners of the pets to be very vigilant & try to keep a deep eye on the symptoms.
Symptoms in Puppies:
- Poor growth
- Dull hair coat
- Lack of energy
- Bony bodies but big tummies
Symptoms in Older Dogs:
- Brittle hair coat
- Lack luster
- Selective eaters
- Greedy / Ravenous in (some cases)
- No change in appetite (some cases)
- Soft coughs
The parasite burden affects the resistance power of the dogs to other disease.
Preparation to Deworm
Unfortunately, the Dogs are positioned to be the preeminent hosts for the internal parasites due to their habit of snuffling, slurping, licking & wolfing everything including dirt, trash and poop etc. that comes in their ways. Parasites the unwelcomed visitors are also transferred to the companions & playmates, as the dogs use their mouths to kiss, groom, wrestle & other social habits
The Intestinal worms that might infect your dog are mostly the tapeworms, whipworms, roundworms, and hookworms. The others are protozoa which can affect as well, that include toxoplasma, giardia, and coccidia.
When you notice that your dog is not as playful as before & you discover any changes in the physical or mental behavior of your dog
- Slow coughing
- Short of breath
- Losing weight
The attack of internal parasites (intestinal worms or others) is suspected & so the stools of your dog must be laboratory checked as there are some intestinal worms visible to the naked eye & some are not. & some parasites release their eggs. However, a definitive diagnosis will set you and your dog on the path to a suitable solution. Also look at your pet’s stools by yourself & if you see worms looking like small pieces of rice. See your dog’s anal area & on finding these symptoms in your dog, remove & place these segments in a sealed container for the veterinarian’s laboratory inspection in order to find the most effective treatment & deworming your dog medically.
The treatment of your dog will begin only when the parasite has been precisely identified, since there are dissimilar treatments for different natures of parasites. Occasionally other than one parasite will be involved, so more than one treatment may be required. In some types of parasites the treatment of your dog’s environment will also be required.
There are few cases that the dogs appear to the owner to be healthy but carries some form of parasite. Intestinal parasites move from pet to pet, so it is recommended to make similar type of periodic checkups for prevention of Intestinal worms in your dogs.
Information on Intestinal Parasite
To Keep Your Shih Tzu Intestinal Parasites Free
Your Shih Tzu entirely depends on you for its health requirements, so there are several clauses that you have to observe in order to keep your dog free from the Intestinal parasites.
The parasites mostly enter your dog through its mouth in form of eggs, cysts or larva which have departed in the stools of the infected pets. In order to reduce your dog’s chances of contracting these parasites, its exposure must be controlled to the zones where this seems possible to occur.
- Do not take your pet to places frequently visited by other pets.
- Always supervise it’s all tours to uncontaminated areas.
- Keep it leashed to stop it from sniffing, licking or eating from dirt, trash & poop of other pets.
- Keep your dog free from fleas also as they act as transmitters of a certain type of diseases.
- Don’t let your dog chew on objects which cannot be easily sanitized.
- Fence your yard & lawn in order to keep out stray animals.
- Manage hygienically the disposing off the stool of your dog.
- Regularly clean up your house & wash the yard.Throw away the vacuum cleaner bags after vacuuming rugs & sofas.
- Trim the grass & weeds in your lawn, remove clutter and allow sunlight into shaded areas.
- Once a year let your vet check your dog for all kinds of worms & for your puppies two to four times a year.
- You must be very careful for not to catch worms from your dog, so don’t let it lick or kiss you or your kids. And make it sleep on its own bed — not yours.
- Regularly wash your hands, including after you pet your dog and especially after picking up its waste.
Home Remedies for Intestinal Worms in Dogs